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Lawn weed identification - What is that weed called in my lawn?

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Lawn weed identification - What is that weed called in my lawn?

   A definition of a weed is a plant that is growing where it is not wanted, it can have strong and healthy growth, and is able to overgrow valued plants by overcrowding, thus depleting soil nutrients and moisture that would otherwise be available to preferred plants. Most lawns sufferer from lawn weeds especially if they don't use any sort of weed control.  But in order to control weeds in your lawn you need to be able to identify them as there is no one fix for all weeds, so I have listed some of the most common weeds you might find in your lawn below with a description of how to control them.
 

Dandelion - Taraxacum officinale
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b2ap3_thumbnail_dandelion-flowers-Grasshopper-Garden-Services.jpg
 
Dandelions are a very common weed and they will grow in most soil conditions.  They can flower most of 
the growing season (May to Oct.) but you are most likely so see them in spring. If they produce seed heads they are easily dispersed buy the wind to other areas of the garden.  The tap root on a dandelion is very deep and is hard to completely remove by had with out leaving any root behind which will reproduce so they are best controlled chemically.
Late spring and autumn is the best time to use a broad-leaf herbicides to kill dandelions.




Ribwort Plantain - Plantago lanceolatab2ap3_thumbnail_ribworm-plantain-Grasshopper-Garden-Services.jpg

Ribwort Plantain is another common weed in lawns and grasslands, it is seen throughout the UK and can grow in a verity of soil types. It can survive well in lawn areas due to it growing below the height of the lawn cut.  If left to grow in your lawn the leaves will spread out thus smothering the grasses around it.  
It is best removed by hand in early spring to remove the germinating plant and helping it from not spreading and use of a broad leaved herbicide will also control this plant.





Yorkshire Fog - Holcus lanatusb2ap3_thumbnail_Holcus-lanatus-av--yorkshire-bird-Grasshopper-Garden_Services.jpg

This is a weed that is actually a type of grass and cannot be killed using a selective herbicide.  This is another weed that is common and is seen in lawns all across the UK.  It can also grow in most soil conditions.  It grows in dense patches in your lawn with a green/yellow color to its leaves.  It can be identified by looking at the base of the plant where you should see hairy stems with pink striation running up from the base of the plant.
The best way to control this plant is to either dig out the effected area or cut into the base of the plant with a sharp knife for a number of weeks until it has died off.



Yarrow - Archilla millefoliumb2ap3_thumbnail_Yarrow-Grasshopper-Garden-Services.jpg

Yarrow is a perennial and grows in meadows and pasture, banks, hedgerows, lawns and very common in Britain.  It spreads by seed and also vegetatively so it will still spread horizontally on mowed lawns.  It uses slender stems underground and they slowly turn upward producing a new plant.  
There are many herbicides that will not work on yarrow so choose one that includes 2,4-D, MCPA with dicamba or Mecoprop-P. Here are a couple of examples Westland lawn weed killer (2,4-D, mecoprop-p & dichlorprop-p) or Doff lawn spot weeder (2,4-D, mecoprop-p& dichlorprop-p).  In dry conditions you can remove it by hand and this may extract the underground stems as well.



Daisy - Bellis perennis b2ap3_thumbnail_daisey-Grasshopper-Garden-Services.jpg

This is probably the most common perennial weed to be seen in lawns.  It can spread by seed and can grow in all soil types.  The daisy is very good at flowering and producing seed in even the lowest cut lawns. Daisy's can be found in established flowerbeds, cultivated ground, cracks in paving, garden walls and lawns.
It is quite easy to remove by hand but the best method is gained by using a herbicide that includes 2,4-D, MCPA, or Mecoprop-P.

 


Greater Plantain - Plantago majorb2ap3_thumbnail_Greater-plantain-Grasshopper-Garden-Services.jpg

This variety of plantain is the most common to be found and is often found growing in weak, thin lawns.  Its leaves grow quite flat to the ground thus avoiding being cut on shortest of lawns.  In its flowering season (May to Sept.) its produces an abundance of seeds that can germinate the lawn years later. This weed can be found on a wide range of soil types and It is particularly common on heavily compacted soils.  
Greater plantain can be controlled with a selective broad leaved herbicide containing MCPA with dicamba 
for example Westland Resolva lawn weed killer.

Cats ear - Hypochaeris raticatab2ap3_thumbnail_cats-ear-Grasshopper-Garden-Services.jpg

Cats ear is a perennial weed that can also be mistaken to be a dandelion apart from it having thicker leaves and they have small hairs growing on them. Cats Ear can be seen all the way through the year and flowers from May to September. Its flowers are yellow on a long stalk and each stalk may produce up to two flowers. Its can be found in a verity of soils but prefers drier free draining soils.  
It will require repeat applications of a herbicide that contains MCPA with Dicamda, Mecoprop-P, 2,4D or example Westland lawn weed killer to control it.




Lesser celandine  - Ranunculus ficariab2ap3_thumbnail_lesser-celandine-Grasshopper-Garden-Services.jpg


Lesser Celandine is a perennial weed that tends to favor moist shaded areas.  This weed can sometimes be mistaken for the daisy and is common in lawns across the UK and will grow in most places.  There is two varieties of this weed one that produces seeds and another that produces bulbils and when shed by the mother plant they root and establish themselves as a new plant, this is the most common variety of the two to be found.  It is very resistance to herbicides however with repeat applications with a product containing mostly MCPA will help keep it under control.


I hope this will enlighten you on some of the weeds you might come across in your lawn.   










 
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